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Labor market and education

Work force
Companies that choose Plovdiv as an investment destination have access to human capital, which is made up of a number of well-trained workers and professionals who can create added value for various sectors of manufacturing and services.
Population: 20-64 years


The labor market in Plovdiv has been stronger than most other regions in Bulgaria since the beginning of the global economic crisis. Plovdiv has a well-developed services sector with more than 75 361 employees, which adds to the concentration of production in the region. The service sector in Plovdiv is closely related to the local industry and provides a full range of high quality services related to the activity of manufacturing enterprises. About half of all employees in the service sector work in the retail industry. More than 10 677 workers are employed in the construction sector. Plovdiv also stands out with one of the most developed business services sectors in Bulgaria. In addition, more than 48,733 people are employed in the fast-growing IT and professional services sectors, accounting for a significant percentage of all jobs in the sector.


The Plovdiv workforce is diversified to meet the needs of businesses with people possessing a variety of qualifications and skills. There are about 40,000 people employed in the administrative, analytical and management sectors. Plovdiv employs nearly 18 420 technicians, 27 442 skilled industrial workers and 35 929 machine operators. The workforce is specialized, but easily adapts to other segments of industrial production.


The educational system in Plovdiv is well developed, preparing many students in technical and industry-oriented disciplines, which has contributed to establishing the region as a major industrial center. Plovdiv is positioned as a leading university city of national importance, second only to the capital Sofia. There are 9 universities and colleges in Plovdiv with 41 549 students, 80 vocational training centers and 29 vocational high schools. In 2017 4 333 students have completed secondary education, of which 2005 have graduated from vocational high schools. In addition, the number of college and university graduates is 7,641. Plovdiv is home to one of the largest universities in Bulgaria – Plovdiv University “Paisii Hilendarski”, which prepares, among other applied sciences, students with mathematics and informatics, physics and chemistry. In addition, the branch of the Technical University – Sofia in Plovdiv offers majors divided into 2 faculties: Faculty of Electronics and Automation and Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Instrumental Engineering. There are two unique universities in the city of Plovdiv: The Agrarian University and the University of Food Technology, which provide specialists for the vibrant food industry. Plovdiv also has a Medical University, an Academy of Arts, as well as two economics and management colleges that prepare students for supportive, analytical and management positions.